Monet moved with his family
to Le Havre when he was about five years old. He was in military service in Algeria in the years 1861-1862, which may have influenced his later choice to mainly paint landscapes.
Monet started painting at Charles Gleyre in Paris. In 1867 he lived with Renoir at Frédéric Bazille. In the following years he shared a studio in Paris with Bazille. From probably 1865 Monet had a relationship with Camille Doncieux. In 1867 their first son, Jean, was born in Paris…………….
The couple married in the summer of 1870. Their honeymoon they spent in Trouville, but because of the war between France and Prussia they fled to London. Via the Netherlands, of which four months in Zaandam and a short stay in Amsterdam, they came back to France, to settle in Argenteuil in 1871. This place was easily accessible from the Saint-Lazare station in Paris, of which Monet painted several works. In this period Monet became briefly prosperous because his paintings sold well.
He was friends with Frédéric Bazille, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne and Édouard Manet.
In 1878, the second son was born, Michel, shortly before the Monet family moved to Vétheuil. Camille died in 1879. In the meantime, Monet also lived with Alice Hoschedé and her husband Ernest. This unusual relationship at the time led to a lot of rumors and to the withdrawal of Monet from his fellow painters. In 1883 this household moved to Giverny with their eight children. Ernest died in 1891, after which Monet and Alice could marry. From that moment on, a prosperous household emerged. Alice died in 1911, followed by Monet’s oldest son Jean in 1914. Jean was married to the second daughter of Alice, Blanche. Blanche was a widow for the aging painter, who began to develop the gray cataract, which caused Monet to see a red haze. It is possible that Monet could see some ultraviolet light waves that would normally be stopped by the lens of the eye due to surgery for his gray cataract.
At the age of 86, Monet died of lung cancer and left his belongings to his son, Michel. The house, the garden and the water lily pond that Michel had inherited from Claude Monet were donated in 1966 by Monet’s son to the Académie des Beaux-arts. In 1980 the house and garden were opened to the public.