the French artists ; from 26 February, nineteenth-century painters from’ colony Barbizon and the Dutch counterpart in Oosterbeek will take center stage in Museum Gouda. For the first time in history, these artists went out and painted the landscape in the open air.
Until such moments, such paintings were made in the studio; the live recording of ever-changing nature created an important turning point in art history. The exhibition shows beautiful landscapes by
Rousseau, Daubigny, Corot, Maris, Mauve and Gabriël, among others. Especially for the exhibition, Museum Gouda has redesigned the exhibition halls.
School of Barbizon, the French artists.
Expelled by the bustle of Paris and attracted by the unspoilt forests of Fontainebleau, some artists settled around 1840 in the rural village Barbizon, just south of the French capital. The painters of Barbizon moved into nature and presented the landscape in an innovative way. With quick, loose brushstrokes they painted the uncultivated landscape as they saw it. This is in contrast to the hitherto prevailing Romanticism, in which historical events and idealized landscapes were the norm.
Introduction of the paint tube, the French artists
Where does this change happen? Important was the introduction of the paint tube. Before that, artists had to make their own paint and they were bound to their workshops. Now they could take ready-made paint on the spot and work in the open air. Armed with cloth, easel and chest, they went out. Beloved subjects were the ‘true’ country life, animals and untouched nature with wild forest and rocks.
In imitation of the French artists (painters), Dutch artists also moved into nature. That happened in and around Oosterbeek. Well-known names were Bilders, Maris, Mauve and Gabriël. With the construction of a rail link between Amsterdam and Arnhem in the 1840s, they could easily travel to the Veluwezoom. Oosterbeek became the ‘Dutch Barbizon’. For some artists, painting outside meant a turning point in their careers. They became the best-known painters of the Hague School.
Please note: Especially for this exhibition, the rooms are given a new look. This means that the rooms 16 and 17 on the top floor of the museum will be closed to the public from 28 January.
Kind regards Pierre