Birthday , Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn (Leiden, 15 July 1606 – Amsterdam, 4 October 1669) was a Dutch painter, etcher and draftsman.
He is generally regarded as one of the greatest painters and etchers in European art, and as the most important Dutch master of the 17th century.
Rembrandt produced a total of about three hundred paintings, three hundred etchings and two thousand drawings. His work belongs to the baroque and is visibly influenced by caravaggism, although he has never been in Italy. His remarkable mastery of the play with light and dark, often using sharp contrasts (clair-obscur) to enter the audience, led to vivid scenes full of drama.
The oeuvre of Rembrandt is divided by art historians [source?] Into five periods, starting with the Leiden period (1625-1631). From about 1629 onwards, as an artist, in which Rembrandt began to work with contrasts and his interest in light treatment, austerity began after 1640. In the 1650s, brush strokes are clearly visible and the colors richer.
Rembrandt regarded himself primarily as a history and portrait painter. He was a self-confident man  and made all self-portraits admired in all phases of life, but especially after 1660; the hundred painted and twenty etched self-portraits give a remarkably sharp image of his appearance and a suspicion of his feelings; he portrayed himself as the apostle Paul and put himself down in his self-portrait from 1658 as a king from the East. Besides his wife Saskia van Uylenburgh and his son Titus van Rijn, his housekeeper / girlfriend Hendrickje Stoffels is also present in his paintings; they have served as models for Biblical, mythological or historical figures.